How to connect PostgreSQL with SharePoint

This "how-to-connect" documentation will explain the initial configuration of an example connection from PostgreSQL to a SharePoint Online List in Office 365. We will be synchronizing data stored in PostgreSQL.

 

This guide presupposes that you have installed the Layer2 Cloud Connector and that you are familiar with its basic functionality. The Layer2 Cloud Connector User Documentation will provide you with all necessary information.

 

 

Contents

1. Configuring PostgreSQL

2. Configuring the Layer2 Cloud Connector

2.1 Creating a new connection

2.2 Configuring the Data Entity 1

2.3 Configuring the Data Entity 2

2.4 Running your connection

3. Hints and known issues

3.1 Connection direction

3.2 Batch operations

1. Configuring PostgreSQL

To connect to PostgreSQL you are going to need the IP address from the server, the database name, a username with the rights to access the database and the table you want to connect to. Get this information with your system administrator.

 

2. Configuring the Layer2 Cloud Connector

2.1. Creating a new connection

Create a new connection by using the Create New Connection option in the Actions pane (right-hand side). The new connection will appear at the bottom of the Connection Manager List (left-hand side). Click on your newly created connection to open the connection configuration settings.

 

Choose a meaningful name for your connection and replace the current "New Connection" Connection Title with it.

 

Connections to PostgreSQL can be bi-directional. An initial connection should always be uni-directional to assure that both data entities are identical before switching to bi-directional. Therefore, choose Left to Right as Direction. You can change this setting after your initial synchronization finished successfully.

 

Step 1 PostgreSQL connection setup.png

 

 

2.2. Configuring the Data Entity 1

We will now set up our Data Entities. Go to the data entity “Data Entity 1” to open the configuration settings.

 

Choose a Data Entity Title. It is recommended to give your entities meaningful names to maintain an overview when you decide to set up multiple connections.

 

Select the Data Provider for PostgreSQL from the data provider list. You can search for PostgreSQL by typing into the selection box.

 

Step 2 PostgreSQL integration source setup.png

 

For the Connection String, we need the information mentioned in step 1. You can copy the below connection string and adjust it to match your gathered information. Use the Verify Connection String option to evaluate if the provided connection string is valid.

 

 

Server=127.0.0.1;Port=5432;Database=yourdatabase;User=youruser;

 

 

  • "Server=yourserveripaddress;" this property defines the IP address from the PostgreSQL server.
  • "Post=5432;" this property must point to the port the server is listening to. The default value is 5432.
  • "Database=yourdatabase;" this property must be set to the database name you want to connect to.
  • "User=youruser;" this property must be set to a user with rights to connect to the database.

 

Enter the user account's password into the Password field. The field masks the value for better security.

 

The Select Statement text box is used to define specific data queries. We will be gathering all top 100 results from our table beer-sample. You can copy the below select statement and adjust it to match your needs. Save your changes by using the right-hand pane option Save Changes.

 

SELECT * FROM employees

 

Step 2.5 PostgreSQL integration connection string setup.png

 

To check if all necessary columns are received, you can use the Preview Data option on the right-hand pane which will provide you with a pop-up window showing your sample data from your PostgreSQL entity.

 

 

Preview data of PostgreSQL integration.png

 

2.3. Configuring the Data Entity 2

We are going to send the data to a custom SharePoint Online list. It's required that you set up this list prior to the next steps. Your list should contain matching columns according to your source entity.

 

Use the left-hand pane to switch to the data entity "Data Entity 2". We will be using the Layer2 SharePoint Provider for this setup. 

 

For more information about the SharePoint provider visit:

https://www.layer2solutions.com/support/cloud-connector-faqs/layer2-csom-sharepoint-ado-net-provider.

 

You can copy the below Connection String which contains the minimum of required properties to connect to your custom SharePoint Online list.

 

URL=https://your_custom_sharepoint_list_url/AllItems.aspx;Authentication=Office365;[email protected];

 

  • "URL=https://your_custom_sharepoint_url/AllItems.aspx;" this property defines the URL of your custom list that will be addressed.
  • "Authentication=Office365;" this property will determine the authentication method used. Office365 is the default authentication method to access Microsoft Office365 / SharePoint Online. This method will not work in case of the federation, e.g. ADFS. For further authentication method, you can consult the provider specifications linked above.
  • "[email protected];" this property should describe the user you wish to connect to SharePoint to. 

 

Enter the password that belongs to the user account used in the connection string into the Password field. Save your changes by using the right-hand pane option Save Changes.

 

Step 3 PostgreSQL integration target setup.png

 

In the next step, we will configure our mapping settings. Click on the Mappings option on the left-hand pane. If your fields from SharePoint are named identical to the fields from your source system, the Enable Auto Mapping option will match those columns. Disabling this option allows you to match your columns as needed. We enabled auto-mapping in our setup. Save your changes by using the right-hand pane option Save Changes.

 

Step 4 PostgreSQL integration mapping.png

 

2.4. Running your connection

To run your connection switch back to the main connection configuration node and use the Run Now Button located on the bottom of the setup page. The Run Synchronization Toolbox will also display the synchronization process. 

 

Step 5 PostgreSQL data integration start.png

 

Below is a data preview of the information we have access in our source entity:

 

PostgreSQL integration ready.png

 

This will be the result in our SharePoint Online list after our initial successful synchronization:

 

Finished PostgreSQL integration.png

If you want to use a bi-directional synchronization, you can now switch your connection direction after our first initial synchronization run finished successfully. See section 3.1 for further information.

3. Hints and known issues

 

3.1. Connection direction

As far as tested, this connection supports uni-directional as well as bi-directional synchronizations. 

 

After adjusting the direction to bi-directional, you should check your Mappings settings again because some systems might include read-only columns that cannot be mapped directly.

 

We also recommend choosing a Conflict Resolution that matches your environment's needs. You can find out more about the different conflict resolutions in our Layer2 Cloud Connector User Documentation.

3.2. Batch operations

If you try to make multiple operations at the same time, you can get an error that batch operations not allowed. Set the parameter Other=’BatchSize=1’ in your connection string to avoid this error. 

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